电缆的使用条件-电缆知识-新闻资讯-易初特种电线电缆

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电缆的使用条件
发布时间:2017-08-28 19:47:46 点击次数:1600

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在确定电缆的载流量时,电缆周围介质的热性能是重要的参数。埋设电缆或电缆管块的土壤种类,对电缆载流量有着重大的影响。多孔疏松土壤,例如砾石和灰渣回填土,通常要比砂土或粘土有较高的温度和较低的载流量。因此,在计算电缆规格以前,应该知道土壤的种类及土壤热阻率。土壤的含水量对电缆的载流量也有重要的影响。在干燥地区,为了补偿由于缺少水分而使热阻增加,必须降低电缆的额定载流量,或者采取其他的预防措施。另一方面,在经常潮湿的地下或受潮水影响的地区,电缆可以通过比正常电流大的电流。对于经常潮湿或者潮湿和干燥交替出现的地方,对于有从干燥的电缆过渡到“天然屏蔽”潮湿电缆的地方,即使是高压的线路也需要屏蔽。因为在这些地方会产生电压梯度应力突变,除非是专门为此而设计的非屏蔽电缆


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